The EEA Agreement does not cover the management of Norwegian fisheries resources. The co-operation on resource management between Norway and the EU is based on bilateral agreements. Trade in fish and fish products, however, is regulated through Protocol 9 to the EEA Agreement.
The marine eco-system of the waters adjacent to the Norwegian mainland provides for abundant fishing grounds and has made it possible to sustain the scattered and sparsely populated coastal settlements and communities along the entire Norwegian coastline under arctic or sub-arctic conditions over the centuries.
The Norwegian fishing industry is represented by a diversified seagoing and coastal fleet of approximately 12,000 vessels, a processing industry consisting of nearly 800 units and a fish farming industry holding over 2,700 licences. All in all the fishing industry provides direct employment for approximately 37,000 people, and forms a basic network of regional economic activities heavily dependent upon the sustainable and rational management of the available marine resources. Thus, the fishing industry is of vital regional and national importance to Norway.
Management of fishery resources
An important element of a sustainable management policy is to provide for basic biological data and research on fish stocks and the eco-system of the marine environment, as well as ensuring that catches are based on the best scientific recommendations available. Total catches vary according to annual variations in the size of the major fish stocks, but have traditionally amounted to between 2 to 3 million tonnes per year, approximately 485,000 tonnes of which are farmed salmon and trout.
Norwegian management measures reflect a system of policies and instruments for the monitoring and regulation of key fish stocks based on established principles for international fisheries management co-operation, of which stringent control and enforcement of quotas and technical measures are important elements. This co-operation entails among other things the management of joint fishery resources in the Barents Sea with the Russian Federation as well as the management of joint fishery resources in the North Sea with the European Union. Norway is also an active partner in the Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Commission and other international venues for the management of living marine resources.
Norway is the single largest exporter of fish and fish products, which represent an export value of around NOK 30 billion per year, and supplies major markets all over the world, of which the European Union- and the Japanese markets are the most important. Fish exports are Norway's second largest export commodity. Salmon and trout exports account for almost half of the export value. Other important categories of fish products are traditional products like dried and salted fish, frozen and filleted fish, and other processed products.
Fisheries policies, including management and commercial aspects. Basic facts and figures, and information booklets on the various aspects of Norwegian fisheries policy in a variety of languages are available from the Ministry of Fisheries in Oslo.
Ministry of Fisheries
P.O. Box 8118 Dep.
Tel: +47 22 24 64 27
Fax: +47 22 24 95 85
Input to and implementation of fisheries policy
Basic information may be obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries in Bergen.
Directorate of Fisheries
P.O. Box 185 Sentrum
Tel: + 47 55 23 80 00
Fax: + 47 55 23 80 90
Fish stock biology and research
Information on current research activities and biological data and information is available from the Marine Research Institute in Bergen.
The Institute of Marine Research
P.O. Box 1870 Nordnes
Tel: +47 55 23 85 00
Fax: +47 55 23 85 31
Marketing and statistics on exports of fish and fish products
The Norwegian Seafood Export Council in Tromsø provides a wide range of information on various export activities.
The Norwegian Seafood Export Council
Tel: + 47 77 60 33 33
Fax: +47 77 68 00 12